Read pdf A Frozen Hell: The Russo-Finnish Winter War of 1939-1940Author William R Trotter –

La guerre Finno Sovi tique vous int resse et impossible de trouver un livre qui parle de cette guerre Ne cherchez plus, cet ouvrage est parfait pour vous.Il d crit avec d tails chaque batailles, chaque offensive sovi tique et chaque d cision cruciale tout en nous donnant un Background pour comprendre qui sont les protagonistes finlandais et comment on est arriv cette d claration de guerre Der finnisch russische Winterkrieg 1939 1940 geh rt zu den Konflikten, welche bei einer globalen Betrachtung des zweiten Weltkrieges regelm ig vergessen werden, dabei geh rt er allerdings zu den bemerkenswertesten Konflikten dieser Epoche, und er hatte Auswirkungen auf den gesamten Krieg.Bemerkenswert ist der Winterkrieg nat rlich prim r deswegen, weil die in jeder Hinsicht v llig unterlegene finnische Armee den sowjetischen Angreifern einen unglaublich entschlossenen Widerstand entgegengesetzt hat, welcher s mtliche Erwartungen bertraf und seine ber Finnland hinausgehenden historischen Auswirkungen d rften unter anderem auch gewesen sein, dass von seiten der deutschen Generalit t die rote Armee 18 Monate sp ter aufgrund ihrer sehr konfusen und schwachen Vorstellung in Finnland untersch tzt wurde.Wer sich f r die Geschichte des zweiten Weltkriegs interessiert kommt am Winterkrieg also nicht vorbei, sowohl politisch wie auch milit risch ist dies ein wichtiger und schlichtweg mehr als bemerkenswerter Konflikt Mit A FROZEN HELL hat William Trotter wohl das bekannteste Buch hierzu vorgelegt, und man kann durchaus feststellen, dass ihm hier ein sehr gut geschriebener, fl ssig zu lesender und umfassender berblick ber diesen bemerkenswerten Krieg gelungen ist.Trotter schildert die Ausgangslage und die Kampfverl ufe ebenso eindringlich, wie er auch einzelne Schaupl tze und mitunter einzelne Protagonisten beleuchtet Hierbei geht er durchaus in medias res, versteht es aber immer, strukturiert und informativ zu schreiben Besonders gut gelingt es ihm, die buchst blich m rderischen Bedingungen dieses Krieges und seines Schauplatzes darzustellen A FROZEN HELL ist also passagenweise sowohl emotional wie auch distanziert verfasst, und es gibt auch einem historisch unvorbelasteten Leser einen guten berblick ber den Winterkrieg, gro es historisches Vorwissen ist keines vorausgesetzt.Sicherlich A FROZEN HELL wird zu Recht mitunter f r die Tatsache kritisiert, dass Trotter alles andere als unvoreingenommen ist Seine Sympathie liegt ganz klar bei den Finnen, welche immer wieder sehr menschlich, extrem clever und regelm ig sehr heroisch oder schlichtweg cool geschildert werden die Sowjets kommen bei Trotter regelm ig als entweder pathetisch oder schlichtweg unf hig weg Ein wirklich n chterner Bericht liest sich anders, was nat rlich aber A FROZEN HELL durchaus zur spannenden Lekt re macht Dennoch f llt mitunter etwas zu h ufig auf, dass die Sympthien des Autors auf einer Seite des Konflikts liegen, und dies fliest auch wie ich finde ein wenig zu deutlich in so manche Schilderung mit ein Ich denke nicht, dass Trotter hier zu Erfindungen oder bertreibungen neigt, aber seine sehr klar verteilten Sympathien m gen so manche Darstellung dann doch etwas f rben.Aber wie gesagt A FROZEN HELL liest sich sehr informativ und spannend, wie bei jeder historischen bewertung empfielt es sich dennoch, ein bisschen Distanz als Leser walten zu lassen.Alles in allem ein wirklich spannendes und intersessantes Buch ber einen h chst bemerkenswerten Konflikt. Masterfully recreates all the heroism, tragedy and drama of a campaign whose lessons deserve far attention General James R Galvin, former Supreme Allied Commander, Europe In , tiny Finland waged war the kind of war that spawns legends against the mighty Soviet Union, and yet their epic struggle has been largely ignored Guerrillas on skis, heroic single handed attacks on tanks, unfathomable endurance, and the charismatic leadership of one of this century s true military geniuses these are the elements of both the Finnish victory and a gripping tale of war I used to read a lot about the events in the Baltic Sea region in 1930 s and 40 s In fact, I am pretty much fed up with that subject This means that if a book on Winter War succeeds in getting me interested, it s a really huge deal And this book which I picked up at random in a bookshop, not knowing what it was about, turned out to be so interesting that I just couldn t put it down.I ve been wondering how did the Russians manage to fail to conquer Finland The answer has been very hard to find The Finnish historians understandably concentrate on celebrating the heroism of their own The Russians are still too ashamed to publish anything of substance on that war In my country, they keep repeating the same old um, theory, that Stalin had all his best generals butchered because he was a blood thirsty idiot envious of their brilliance, and besides, when have Russians ever done anything right And the Western authors, I m sorry to say, tend to be way too ignorant for their works to be of much use Should something truly eye opening ever be published on Winter War someday, my best guess is that it will come from Russia But until then, this book does a really good job at making some things clearer.For one thing, it contains a brilliant, I mean brilliant, summary of Russian Finnish relations prior to 1939 It lines out all the important developments without any unnecessary fluff Among other things, we get to know how the Soviet Union was legitimately concerned about its national defence and how its territorial demands on Finland were, in fact, quite reasonable As to the war itself, the popular view is that what happened in Winter War was basically Finns shooting fish in the barrel until they got buried under mountains of Russian corpses This book shows that it wasn t quite like that We ll learn how nature, weather and cleverness helped Finns to thwart their enemy, but how there were also misfortunes and outright blunders, and how the Soviet troops weren t exactly mindless robots either.Apparently Mr Trotter is able to give us such a balanced and unbiased overview because he is not emotionally attached to neither of the fighting parties Apart from his remarkable objectiveness, there is one other thing that makes this book extraordinary Every other war book I ve ever seen drowns you in a cascade of details This army here, that division there, 5 o clock this, 6 o clock that Mr Trotter explains you what was going on I don t know how, but he succeeded, for instance, explaining the dislocation of Soviet and Finnish troops at the beginning of the war so that I actually understood the big picture, whereas any other author would have just listed numbers and names, and I would have been hopelessly lost after twenty lines of text This is amazing.To sum up even though Mr Trotter leaves several crucial questions unanswered apparently, he can t know everything this book is just fabulous.The only thing I found slightly disturbing was the final section of the book dedicated on apologizing for Finland s siding up with Germany against the Soviet Union I suppose that s something you just have to do when you re writing for an English speaking audience. i found myself cheering the Finns, who the Russians thought would be a push over.It cost theRussians dearly,they had no idea what it was like to come against a people who were imbued with a nationalist pride such as that of the Finns.The out come was.inevitable.The Russians whose tactics consist of forward forward,forward over the bodies of countless hordes from the vast expanses of Russian steeps Spurred on by the Commissars who shot the laggard who did not advance fast enough The Finns showed the world the benefit of proper winter gear a thorough knowledge of the land and a determinism to fight would could make an invader pay dearly This the Russians found out.the hard way. Being Canadian, the notion of a War fought during the winter, on skis, and in heavily wooded terrain captured my imagination as a child, and has held it since that time.This account of the Winter War might well be subtitled Finally, A well balanced and mature account The book manages to convey the horror and strategic and tactical necessities of the fighting on both the isthmus and other fronts in this war Too often conceived of in cliched terms, Mr Trotter gives the military realities of this conflict the centre stage and the result is an informative yet highly readable book There is also a useful synopsis of the political situation of the time As much attention is paid to the Russian situation from a soldiers point of view as is possible, given what one imagines is the difficulty of finding and accessing Soviet era military information I would like to have seen many maps, to match the sometimes intricate descriptions of the various engagements, and relied heavily on google earth to help supply the deficiency, with mixed results Are maps especially expensive or difficult to reproduce in this day and age Finally, there is a review that takes issue with this book on a political basis, for want of a better word, and the author has seen fit to refute the claims of that review The review can safely be ignored by those seeking a readable and engaging history of the Winter War If in doubt and I was, upon reading this review buy this book I knew nothing about this war before reading this book It was very good at giving some historical background to certain policies and geography The book was informative and kept my interest while teaching an important historical lesson at the same time. Highly recommended to read story based on real facts Having picked up this American edition in Helsinki last week and read it before the plane touched back down in the UK only a few days later, it struck me that this, though quite old, must be worthy of review.The great strengths of this history are threefold to my way of thinking Firstly it is an unusual subject in the English language and therefore has little competition secondly, it is lively and well written for a campaign book and thirdly, though the range of sources is not as vast as it could now be, there is clearly material here which you would not easily find otherwise The comments on the military actions, relationship to politics and diplomacy etc are all very interesting, and apparently imbued with a pretty high standard of reliability.Problems Few, though we have to be aware that the opening up of Russia and wider avaliability of sources in the internet age might make a comprehensive volume possible now Also UK bibliophiles should be aware the Winter War by the same author is in fact the same book with a different cover and title Finally it does come through that the author is backing the Finns nevertheless if you take his position into account as you go along this is no great handicap Recommended. I read Robert Edward s White Death on the Russo Finnish war of 1939 1940 and found it interesting, although a little lacking in personal accounts of the fighting.Most reviews rated A Frozen Hell as better and it details the actual events of the fighting extremely well, but it, too, for me is light on personal accounts from the soldiers on the ground.There are a few scattered through the book, about both Russian and Finnish troops, but mostly this is a, fairly readable admittedly, account of troop movements and engagements.I certainly felt clearer on the actual fighting that had happened, but Robert Edward s book is much detailed on the political shenanigans that both prevent the Finnish pressing home the advantage when they had it and prolonged their eventual submission, and possibly reduced the terms they could strike peace at.On the whole, I m glad to have read both books, but I still feel there s a GREAT book on the Winter War somewhere, but if there is I ve not found it yet.